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What is the Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a physical disorder involving the pancreas, a gland that produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that acts to regulate the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Insulin lowers blood glucose level (sugar) and promotes the entry of glucose uptake and muscle cells and other tissues for their energy needs and in liver cells and fat for storage. Insufficient insulin secretion levels causes blood sugar and lipid levels elevated. What’s the score? Some common symptoms of DM – excessive thirst and hunger. As the disease progresses the body’s inability to store or use weight loss and glucose causes fatigue. Another common symptom that is often overlooked is blurred vision.
DM affects about 16 million Americans, but perhaps only half of those know they have it. Often, people with the most common type of diabetes (Type 2), which tend to occur in older people, confuse their symptoms to aging or being overweight. Consequently, they do not receive the treatment they need. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious problems such as an increased risk of stroke and heart attack, blindness, kidney disease, nerve damage and amputations (loss) of the members due to circulatory problems.
There are two types of diabetes, Type 1, also called juvenile appears early in life – 14 years of age or younger – when the pancreas stops working. Type 2 occurs later in life. About 90 percent of diabetics have type II, which occurs when muscles become resistant to insulin, the body can not produce enough diabetes.
Is there a cure for diabetes mellitus? No, but the two types can be well managed with a combination of medication, exercise, a healthy diet and monitoring of sugar levels in the blood.
What to do if you suspect you have diabetes? Consult your doctor and follow his advice.

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