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Type 2 diabetes and its risk factors

type II Diabetes

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportions worldwide. According to statistics from the International Diabetes Federation, in 2015, 1 adult in 11 has diabetes. What is surprising is knowing that 1 in 2 adults with diabetes is not diagnosed. It is terrifying to know that every 6 seconds a person dies because of diabetes. Therefore, it becomes necessary for people to have a basic knowledge of this terrible disease and its risk factors, which will help to prevent or better manage if they have the disease.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to use the insulin produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, as the body’s cells become resistant to its action. Consequently, the body is less able to take glucose from the blood for energy use. In the early stages of type 2 diabetes, the body responds by producing more insulin than would normally be necessary. However, a number of years, additional demands on the pancreas to produce insulin can lead to the loss of insulin-producing cells as they wear out.

There are certain risk factors that are responsible for causing type 2 diabetes:

Public – People over 40 have a higher risk of developing the disease. People from South Asia, China, Africa, the Caribbean and Black Africa are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes at a much earlier age. However, in recent years, young people from all ethnic groups have developed the disease.

Genetics – This is one of the main risk factors for the disease. The risk of developing the disease is greater if you have a close relative, such as a parent, brother or sister, who has the condition.

Overweight and Obesity – You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in case of overweight or obesity. Central obesity (belly), in particular increases the risk. This is because it releases chemicals that can alter the cardiovascular and metabolic systems of the body.

Ethnic group – People from South Asia, China, African-origin, African-Caribbean and Black African Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. In addition, people from South Asia and Afro-Caribbean people are also at increased risk of developing complications such as diseases Of the heart at a younger age than the rest of the population.

Pre-Diabetes – Pre-diabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes if lifestyle changes are not established, including healthy eating, weight loss and regular exercise.

Gestational Diabetes – Women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy also have an increased risk of developing diabetes in the future.

Physical inactivity – There is a direct association between physical inactivity and increased incidence of type 2 diabetes compared to those who were sitting for less than six hours per day, people who spent six to ten hour sessions were 15 Percent more likely to develop diabetes, suggesting that the risk increases with the number of hours they spend seated. Therefore, it will be a message that the development of type 2 diabetes can be prevented by reducing sitting time and more engaging in regular exercise.

Smoking – Smokers are 30% to 40% more likely to have type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. And if you have diabetes and are still smoking, the symptoms may get worse and it will be harder to control your blood sugar.

Air Pollution – Some epidemiological studies show a degree of association between air pollutants related to traffic and insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. We are all exposed to air pollution. Reducing individual away from heavily polluted areas is rarely an option. It is therefore a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

conclusion –

We can not ignore the fact that the cost of medical care for people with diabetes is twice as high as that of those who do not. This is an economic burden not only for individuals but also for the country as a whole. According to the International Diabetes Federation, diabetes costs the world economy $ 673 billion by 2015. This accounts for approximately 12% of total global health expenditure.
There are certain risk factors, which can be controlled individually. Overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes and air pollution, while other factors can not be changed. Therefore, early intervention with preventive measures to control modifiable risk factors will control the increased incidence of type 2 diabetes and, at the same time, reduce the overall economic burden.

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