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Ten that were for men about prostate cancer

prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer affecting men and there are more than 40,000 men diagnosed with it in the UK each year. The symptoms are difficult to detect, however, because they are developing very slowly. The first sign of cancer is usually when a man has difficulty urinating, or frequency of changes in urination. These are not always the signs of prostate cancer, but if a man has symptoms like these, then they should consult their doctor for a checkup. Here are ten facts about prostate cancer that every man should know.

1. What kind of man is the highest risk?

The exact causes of prostate cancer is unknown. It can affect men of any age, but it is more common among older men. It is more common in African and Afro-Caribbean men and is less common among Asian men, but the reasons for this are unknown. People who have parents or siblings who have a history of cancer are also statistically more at risk.

2. What is the prostate?

The prostate is a gland that is about the size of a walnut. It is located between the bladder and the penis and its function is to produce the fluid that is ejaculated with the spermatozoa in the semen. This liquid is there to nourish and protect the sperm.

3. Which age group is the most common?

It is more common in men who are over 65 years old and it is very rare for men under 40 to develop. The disease is very common, but not always fatal. Most prostate cancers grow very slowly and in an autopsy study, it was found that 75% of men over 75, died of other causes, had cancer.

4. How is prostate cancer tested?

The usual initial test is a physical rectal examination. This can be followed by a blood test called prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Blood testing can be misleading, however, because there may be other causes of elevated PSA levels.

5. Does not always have to be treated

Due to the fact that many types of prostate cancers progress so slowly, they do not always need to be treated immediately. In some cases, men may choose not to have an immediate treatment for close monitoring instead. This is called active surveillance.

6. Why are men not screened for prostate cancer?

There is an ongoing debate about the effectiveness of men screening regularly for prostate cancer. Early diagnosis facilitates treatment, but the tests are not 100% reliable, so regular research could lead to unnecessary surgeries in some men.

7. How can you protect against prostate cancer?

It is more common in overweight men who consume a poor diet and do not take regular exercise. It is also more common among meat eaters than vegetarians. As with most cancers, the best advice is to stay in shape and eat a healthy diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables.

8. Prostate cancer can survive

Like many other forms of cancer, with modern methods of treatment and because it can be so slow to develop, prostate cancer is certainly not always deadly. In fact, it is perfectly possible to live with cancer and feel symptoms for many years.

9. How are they treated?

Treatment is often delayed, but when there is a risk of cancer spreading to other parts of the body, treatments include radiation therapy, hormone therapy and surgical removal of the prostate.

10. Always consult a doctor if you are not sure

If you have trouble urinating, or if you need to urinate more often, you should consult your doctor for a checkup. While men may live with prostate cancer for many years, if they have developed cancer, they should be monitored even if you do not need any other form of immediate treatment.

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