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Stages of liver disease

The liver is one of the principal organs of the human body and is essential for the proper functioning of the body. Liver, protein synthesis, bile acids and cholesterol. Maintains a balance of many nutrients and chemicals such as sugar, fat, cholesterol, vitamins and hormones and aid in excretion of many waste products as bilirubin, cholesterol, poison, and drugs. Thus, liver disease is a serious disease that can be cured if treated in the early stages. There are four steps for any hepatic dysfunction: inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis and cancer.


The liver can become inflamed due to certain conditions, the use of alcohol and certain chemicals. Conditions that can cause inflammation of the liver are hepatitis B, hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, and Wilson’s disease. Alcohol also causes inflammation reaches the liver. Some drugs and industrial pollutants can affect the liver. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, heat and pain in the liver possible.


The second stage of liver disease is fibrosis or scar tissue. After the liver went on for a long time, the connective tissues of the liver accumulate. At this stage, the liver function deteriorates slowly.


The third stage of liver disease called cirrhosis. When the liver is damaged due to inflammation and fibrosis, which did not work properly. Accumulation of scar tissue blocks the blood flow through the liver, preventing normal operation. Some of the symptoms of cirrhosis terminals are swelling, bruising and bleeding, jaundice, gallstones, and an increase of toxins in the blood, dilated blood vessels and diabetes.


If liver disease is not treated in the first three stages, cancer can develop. Liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma, affects about 4% of patients with cirrhosis. Liver transplantation is an option for the treatment of liver cancer.

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