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Obesity and arthritis

Arthritis, in general terms, refers to the lining of the joint, called cartilage. Each joint of the knee or hip, which moves a layer of about 8 to 12 mm of cartilage, which is smooth as a billiard ball. If the cartilage is damaged or eat or wear and tear, which leads to arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis that can affect any joint, including the spine. It is the form of joint disease and is more pronounced for the elderly. The wear of the joints due to aging leads to osteoarthritis. But this is not the only cause of the disease. There are other reasons contributing genetic factors, lack of nutrition and vitamins (vitamin A, C and E have the potential to protect against tissue damage. Vitamin D plays an important role in bone mineralization). Male hormone deficiency in the case of women after menopause, leading to estrogen deficiency is also considered a risk factor and women are more susceptible to osteoarthritis.
In most cases, increased body weight contributes to increase the load transmitted through the weight of the knee support by a factor of three to seven times the body weight and results in accelerated cartilage damage.
Obesity is a risk factor for the onset and worsening of musculoskeletal disorders of the hip, knee, ankle, foot and shoulder. Most research has focused on the impact of obesity on bones and joints, since the risk of fracture and osteoarthritis. However, the data indicate that obesity may also have a profound effect on soft tissue such as tendons, fascia and cartilage. Although the mechanism is unclear, the structural and functional limitations imposed by the additional burden of musculoskeletal system in obesity have been allowed to unduly increase the tension in the connective tissue structures and the risk of musculoskeletal injuries MSD. Given the overall increase in obesity and the increase in musculoskeletal disorders, it is necessary to determine the physical burden of the main structures of the musculoskeletal system in the obese and to establish how obesity may interact with other factors that could increase the risk of musculoskeletal diseases. Moreover, the relationship between obesity and osteoarthritis is stronger than the disease and is higher among women.

The load transmitted to the knees varies with increasing body weight.
increased life expectancy combined with overweight / obese population conditions should lead to a greater number of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Several changes, metabolic and functional, connect obesity with osteoarthritis. randomized trials show a significant and clinically relevant disability and symptoms – relief in obese patients with osteoarthritis of the knee after moderate weight loss. Although the exercises are good for the state function, in general, we recommend first to prescribe weight loss as a treatment for patients with a combination of obesity and arthritis.
Wages / Tips to avoid osteoarthritis:
1. Avoid obesity / overweight, with a time management system weight and good exercise.
2. Ensure intake of vitamins A and C, dietary supplements and foods.
3. Make sure that the strength of the quadriceps (thigh muscles).
4. increased activity of kneeling, squatting, climbing stairs and lifting heavy objects causes an undue burden on the damage of the knee and cartilage. As far as possible, this can be reduced.
5 Emu oil is considered to relieve joint pain and arthritis.
7. liberal intake of orange juice, fresh lemon juice or vitamin C increase the effectiveness of an anti-rheumatic, because vitamin C can reduce bone pain.
8. Body massage with sesame oil or mustard oil helps to reduce pain. Joints affected by pain can be massaged for a longer time to relieve pain.
9. Guggul, as a remedy for the traditional Ayurvedic treatment is prescribed for osteoarthritis and obesity. However, patients who choose to undergo this treatment should be closely monitored and advised on the need for changes in diet and exercise.

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