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Ebola outbreak: Symptoms and precautions

The Ebola virus disease (EVD), which has wreaked havoc in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is considered “a deadly and often serious disease in humans” by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The immune system and causes bleeding inside and outside the body weakens. In fact, it even puts healthcare workers at risk if they are well protected.

Formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Ebola was reported back in 1976 in Nzara, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

What causes Ebola

It is believed that the fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family living in tropical forests are the natural hosts of the EVD. This deadly virus from other infected wild animals and humans is transmitted to humans. It is transmitted to humans by direct contact with secretions, sweat, blood and other bodily fluids of infected persons EVD and several infected animals, including bats, porcupines, the chimpanzees, gorillas and sick or dead in and around tropical forest monkeys. Other forms of infection with Ebola virus is by touching contaminated needles.

It is also true that the Ebola virus is less contagious than other diseases; is transmitted by body fluids and not by air, water, or mosquitoes. In other words, the Ebola virus is not spread by just being near an infected person. It’s not like the flu. As mentioned above, there must be a direct contact with body fluids. Lately, most of these cases occurred in people who were nursing their infected family members and also those who have developed a body to bury infected EVD.

Signs and symptoms

Initially, Ebola can feel like the flu or a normal disease. However, the symptoms several days after the infection begin to appear. These symptoms include fever, pain in joints and muscles, extreme weakness, stomach pain, loss of appetite, sore throat and headache.

As the situation worsens and Ebola virus infection worsens; the patient begins to have diarrhea, vomiting, liver failure, skin rashes and worst of all internal and external bleeding.

Some patients may also experience redness of the eyes, chest pain, hiccups, difficulty breathing and swallowing.

Diagnosis and treatment

Several tests are performed to diagnose Ebola as serum neutralization test, antigen detection test, electron microscopy, and so on. There is no vaccine for Ebola cure. Infected patients usually experience dehydration often. They need intensive care and should be given oral rehydration solutions (ORS) containing electrolytes can treat dehydration in patients EVD.

hope vaccine

There is no proven cure for Ebola vaccine virus. But many doses of vaccine prototype virus Ebola National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Canada developed. WHO has adopted the unproven vaccine, calling it ethical to use these days.

As Dr. Marie-PauleKieny, director general of the WHO, said in a press conference the deputy, “If there are medicines that can save lives … should not we use them to save lives?” however, he added, “(is) very important not to give false hope to anyone that the Ebola virus can be treated now This is absolutely not the case” ..

preventive measures

Prevention is always better than cure. During the break of the epidemic, it becomes even more necessary to take preventive measures seriously. The WHO has called for measures to stop the epidemic, if the virus can spread from Africa to other regions.

Limit movement of infected farms in other areas of Ebola animals can help stop the spread of the virus.

Avoid close contact with infected patients EVD. Take good care of patients or any member of the affected family, but be sure to wear gloves and other protective gear for you ends up being infected with the Ebola virus. Wash your hands after visiting patients in the hospital.

Take precautions with air purifiers

Ebola is a warning sign of the delicate state of health and sanitation systems in Africa that have developed slowly due to chronic poverty, illiteracy, neglect, ignorance of the health measures that plague the region. As a result, poor health system that is unable to adequately respond to outbreaks. Hospitals and health workers are under-equipped and under-equipped to handle such emergencies.

Although the Ebola virus is not airborne or spread in the water, or the beginning of the epidemic the need to maintain a healthy and safe environment and take appropriate precautions are recalled.

Pathogens or allergens airborne agents frequently cause inflammation in the nose, throat, sinuses and lungs. Air pollutants can be viruses, bacteria, pollen, dust mites, smoke and mold that affects the health and weaken immune system.Many common infections can spread through the air, at least in some cases, including Anthrax (inhalation), chickenpox, influenza, measles, smallpox and air purifiers Tuberculosis.Personal emit healthy negative ions that help remove air pollutants from your personal space providing a cleaner, healthier air.

Air purifiers act as guardians of prevention against airborne pathogens. If you go to the supermarket or while traveling; use air purifier travel to keep it safe from viruses or contaminants.

Troy recognizes the importance of creating a healthy area of clean air at home, travel, hospitals or poor environments air quality. He writes about the preventive measures that can be taken using air purifiers individually and cleaning house to breathe cleaner, healthier air free of pollutants wherever you go.

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