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Control your cholesterol levels before heart disease

Atherosclerosis is a disease that leads to heart disease, heart attack and / or stroke. Controllable risk factors for atherosclerosis are hypercholesterolemia, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity.

High Cholesterol

The number one controllable risk factors for atherosclerosis is high cholesterol. High cholesterol is dangerous because it indirectly increases the risk of heart disease. If your cholesterol is high, the lower you can add many disease-free years to your life.

Blood Cholesterol

To see if your level is high, you should have your cholesterol levels in the blood. All adults should have their cholesterol checked at least every 5 years. You should check more often if you have been diagnosed with high cholesterol.

A blood test called a lipid total cholesterol or lipoprotein profile. Before the test, you must be fasting for at least 9 hours.

The lipid profile check your total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol), HDL (good cholesterol) and triglycerides (blood fats).

Results of lipid

Your goal should be to:

* Total cholesterol below 200 mg / dL
* LDL below 100 mg / dL
* HDL above 60 mg / dL
* Triglycerides less than 150 mg / dl

What to do

If your total cholesterol, LDL and / or triglycerides are too high or HDL cholesterol is too low, you should discuss treatment options with your doctor.

Depending on your risk factors, your doctor may suggest lifestyle changes and possibly prescribe medication (s).

Changes in lifestyle

They can actively improve your cholesterol with lifestyle changes.

1. Nutrition: The decrease in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and total calories of the diet will help reduce total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides.

2. Activity: Increase your physical activity will help increase HDL cholesterol and lower LDL.

3. Weight Loss: Changing your diet and increasing your activity will help you lose weight. Weight loss will even help reduce total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides and increase HDL.

Achieve the levels of blood cholesterol and change your current lifestyle.

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