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Components of a diet to lower cholesterol

The first line of defense against rising cholesterol levels is a healthy diet. The report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III has focused on LDL cholesterol reduction as one of the most important aspects of preventing heart disease. This report recommends that, to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease as a therapeutic life change mode (CCM) should be performed. The components of this change in lifestyle that includes a therapeutic diet to lower cholesterol, which includes the following.

1 in saturated fat and cholesterol -. Reducing saturated fat and cholesterol in the diet is the staple diet TLC. The strongest influence on the nutrition of LDL serum cholesterol is saturated fat. There is also a dose-response relationship between saturated fat and LDL cholesterol ratio. For every increase of 1% of calories from saturated as a percentage of total fat energy, serum LDL cholesterol increases by about 2%. Furthermore, a decrease of 1% of the saturated fat will reduce serum cholesterol levels of approximately 2%. Although weight reduction, even a few pounds will reduce LDL levels, weight reduction achieved with a low saturated fat and cholesterol will improve and maintain LDL cholesterol reduction. Although dietary cholesterol does not have the equivalent impact of saturated fat in the serum levels of LDL cholesterol fats, high cholesterol intake increases LDL cholesterol.

Monounsaturated 2 -. Monounsaturated fat replaces saturated to a maximum level of 20% of the total intake of fat energy intake in a low cholesterol diet is recommended. Monounsaturated LDL cholesterol levels compared to saturated without reducing HDL cholesterol or triglyceride fats solution. Vegetable oils and nuts are the best sources of monounsaturated fatty acids.

. 3 polyunsaturated – When used in place of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid reduce LDL cholesterol levels. Unfortunately, they also can cause a decrease in HDL-cholesterol, compared to the effects of monounsaturated fats. The recommended intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids is about 10% of the total energy intake. The best sources of these fats are liquid vegetable oils, slurries, margarine and other margarines low in trans fatty acids.

. 4 Total Fat – Saturated fat and trans fatty acids increase LDL cholesterol while LDL cholesterol levels in the serum did not appear to be affected by the total fat intake. For this reason, the report suggests that it is not necessary to limit the intake of total fat and saturated fats are reduced to goal levels.

5 – carbohydrates. LDL cholesterol decreases when saturated fat is replaced by carbohydrate. However, the high consumption of carbohydrates, over 60% of the total energy intake, are shown to reduce triglycerides and increase serum HDL. This response to the intake of carbohydrates can be reduced by increasing the soluble fiber intake. In fact, by increasing the soluble fiber of 5 to 10 grams of a day LDL cholesterol can be reduced by about 5%.

6 Proteins -. Although dietary protein will usually have little effect on serum LDL cholesterol, the substitution of vegetable proteins for animal protein appears to decrease LDL cholesterol. This can be caused by lack of food rich in cholesterol and saturated fats rich in protein low herbal. Of course, not all animal proteins are high in saturated fat and cholesterol. The milk-fat and low-fat, egg whites, fish, skinless chicken and lean cuts of beef and pork materials are low in saturated fat and cholesterol.

The use of cholesterol-lowering diet is the first step for giving high levels of LDL cholesterol. The risk reduction of serum cholesterol reduces heart disease, and all other benefits of eating a healthier diet.

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