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Cholesterol control diabetes

The evidence continues to mount that controlling cholesterol is important for people with diabetes, even though they show no signs of heart disease. Having diabetes increases the risk of many diseases, including heart disease and stroke. If you have diabetes, the recommended cholesterol levels are more stringent target than non-diabetics. An adult with diabetes should have an LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol below 100 mg / dl and HDL (or high density lipoprotein) levels over 40 mg / dl for men and 50 mg / dl for women. the recommended level of triglycerides is below 150 mg / dl. If you are not familiar with these terms, cholesterol is mainly divided into two types, one “good” and “bad.” LDL is often called “bad” cholesterol because it accumulates on the inner walls of arteries, causing a hard lump or plaque, the leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. HDL or “good” cholesterol, is excess fat in the arteries and reduces the buildup of plaque. So the goal is to reduce LDL cholesterol and increase HDL cholesterol in the blood.
If the results of your cholesterol levels are outside the recommended parameters, your doctor will probably recommend a diet and exercise as a first step. If this fails, your doctor may prescribe medication. One of the most important dietary recommendations to reduce total fat consumption, especially consumption of saturated fats (found mainly in meat, milk and eggs) and trans fats (found in shortening, packaged food and Many brands of margarine).

The intake of daily dietary cholesterol should be less than 200 mg. Another important recommendation is to increase total dietary fiber intake of at least 20-30 grams per day, especially soluble fiber (such as that found in oats, peas, beans and some fruits and vegetables). Exercise can increase HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides below. In addition, exercise has cardiovascular benefits and stress reduction. However, always consult your physician before beginning any exercise program. As for drugs, a recent study in the UK found “a very significant reduction” of about 25 percent of heart attacks when people were treated with medicine to lower cholesterol. This advantage exists in people with diabetes over 40 years, although cholesterol levels were also normal.

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