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Tag Archives: HIV

Analysis and preventing the spread of HIV Epidemiological (HIV)

Outlook virus (HIV)

In the decade since the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was discovered, the epidemic continues to grow each year. According to the Global Health Council (2006) for the year 2005, the number of infected people has risen to more than 40 million, double the number in 1995. In late 2005, 40.3 million people were living with world of HIV / AIDS wide, including 17.5 million women and 2.3 million children under 15. No prevention efforts, 35% of children born to HIV-positive mothers are infected with HIV .

At least a quarter of newborns infected with HIV die before one year and up to 60% die before their second birthday. Worldwide, only one in ten people infected with HIV has been tested and knows his / her HIV status (Global Health Council, 2006).
As HIV / AIDS in the United States grew, strategies that are associated with the prevention, treatment and monitoring of disease are important in controlling the spread of the epidemic. Epidemiology plays an important role in decision-making strategies by controlling the data that can give an overview of the rates of HIV infection in various segments of the population.

Different option HIV test online

Testing for HIV antibodies

The HIV test is the most appropriate test for HIV diagnosis in adults. Antibody test are affordable and incredibly good. The ELISA (enzyme immunoassay) antibody also known as EIA (enzyme immunoassay) was the initial HIV test being widespread.

So, how antibody tests deliver results?

When a person is infected with HIV, their entire body reacts by producing unique protein that fights infection, known as antibodies. An HIV antibody test looks for these antibodies in the blood, saliva or urine. If you are HIV antibodies, indicating that a person has HIV. There are only two exceptions to this rule:

HIV transmission from mother to child

The mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is the largest source of HIV infection in children 15 years of age. TME also known as perinatal or vertical transmission occurs when HIV is transmitted from an HIV positive woman to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
HIV and AIDS is one of the leading causes of death in children worldwide. According Labbok (2003) 580 000 deaths due to HIV and AIDS in children under 15 years of age, 500,000 are in Africa. 80-90% of these deaths are due to vertical transmission and 200,000 were secondary to breastfeeding.

Increase in the number of children with HIV infection, particularly in the most affected by the pandemic. In 2002, an estimated 3.2 million children under 15 were living with HIV and AIDS; A total of 800,000 were infected and 610 000 deaths. HIV and AIDS has been estimated to represent about 8% of deaths in children under 5 in sub-Saharan Africa. In areas where HIV prevalence among pregnant women has exceeded 35%, the contribution of HIV and AIDS, infant mortality was as high as 42%.

What is HIV and what is the process that a person should take an HIV test?

HIV is a bit – replicating retrovirus. It causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, when a person’s immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty fighting disease and some cancers. HIV tests are used to detect the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in serum, saliva or urine. These tests tell if you are infected with HIV or not. According to a rough estimate given by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000, insufficient blood screening had resulted in 1 million new HIV infections worldwide.

1-4 new HIV infections occur among young people aged 13-24 years, according to the CDC.

There are two types of HIV, HIV-1 and HIV-2. Unless otherwise specified, in the United States, the term “HIV” refers to any HIV-1. HIV-2 is found mainly in Africa.

HIV virus attacks the immune system

HIV is not found in the feces of insects. HIV is one of a group of viruses known as retroviruses atypical maintain their genetic information in the form of ribonucleic acid (RNA). By using an enzyme called reverse transcriptase, HIV and other retroviruses are capable of producing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from RNA, while most cells perform the reverse process, the RNA transcription genetic material DNA . HIV is not transmitted through sweat, tears or saliva; or sharing food, utensils, towels, linens, swimming pool, telephone or toilet seat with someone who has the virus. HIV is not transmitted by bed bugs or mosquitoes.

HIV is particularly deadly because it attacks the immune system cells (very diversely called T4, CD4 or T helper cells) that normally fight viral infection. Receptor in these cells appears to allow the viral DNA enters the cell. HIV is transmitted through sex and HIV is not the only infection that is transmitted through intimate sexual contact. Other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, and can also be hired for anal, vaginal and oral sex. HIV is not only a problem in Africa. This is a global problem.

Home test kits for HIV

With an HIV test, there is an unofficial stigma attached to the process, which often prevents many people from being tested. However, every time we decided to keep the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV has the potential to pose as a major threat to life. In such circumstances, if something as practical as a team for home HIV testing was optional; Did not I try it?

The importance of HIV testing kit can be encapsulated in a quite simple really. If it is not used in time and the state is not known by HIV, the virus could cause AIDS. On the other hand, if the infection is diagnosed at an early stage, the necessary medical treatment could be used effectively to prevent serious complications. So it’s a matter of being aware and that is that home test kits for HIV are available in practice. No need to consult a doctor for testing and the procedure can be performed in the comfort of your home and as often as you like.

Secure Attention to women living with HIV

People living with HIV can all attest to the physical difficulties that the virus brings. Even worse than the physical damage to the social and emotional shock that many victims of HIV pass. This is especially true for women.

Despite the achievements in medical research and supposedly better understanding of HIV and discrimination against people living with HIV, especially women, remains very worrying. Despite the optimistic possibility that people with HIV can live a long and meaningful, healthy and happy life, many infected women can not reap the benefits of their innate privileges due to lack of motivation and lighting.

Today, people with HIV can have sex without feeling any guilt. This can be done successfully if the test shows that HTD their viral loads are low enough for efficient transmission. The right to good sex, satisfying and rewarding to be preserved for HIV positive women. Apart from the proven practice safe sex with condoms, HIV-negative partners can now be protected by pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The effectiveness of this method can be tested with an HIV test at home. Women with HIV and have the right to enjoy the experience what everyone else. Discrimination in the transmission can not be substantiated scientifically. To enable sensual enjoyment and enjoyable experience, women with HIV should receive adequate support and education about viable to have sex without HIV transmission options. These options can be evaluated in home test kit for HIV or more options for HIV testing.

HIV – Things you need to know

HIV is a methodical viral infection that exhausts the capacity of the individual to fight diseases and promotes the development of AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the last phase of the disease. People are constantly vulnerable to HIV as medical professionals take preventive measures against HIV to protect against the risk of contracting the virus. But because AIDS deaths have fallen enough and antiretroviral treatments for the disease have been found to be effective, most people infected with HIV. Recent data on AIDS can sleep a person in the belief that he / she is no longer at risk. This is why the medical society must stress that guard against HIV / AIDS remains a necessity. Because due to the complexity of the virus, relying too much on the current success of the management of infection can create a bigger problem in the future.